doi:10.1088/1748-6041/3/3/034107">
 

Title

Mechanical and biological properties of nanoporous carbon membranes

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2008

Department/School

Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Implantable blood glucose sensors have inadequate membrane–tissue interfaces for long term use. Biofouling and inflammation processes restrict biosensor membrane stability. An ideal biosensor membrane material must prevent protein adsorption and exhibit cell compatibility. In addition, a membrane must exhibit high porosity and low thickness in order to allow the biosensor to respond to analyte fluctuations. In this study, the structural, mechanical and biological properties of nanoporous alumina membranes coated with diamond-like carbon thin films were examined using scanning probe microscopy, nanoindentation and MTT viability assay. We anticipate that this novel membrane material could find use in immunoisolation devices, kidney dialysis membranes and other medical devices encountering biocompatibility issues that limit in vivo function.

Link to Published Version

doi:10.1088/1748-6041/3/3/034107