This investigation examines scholarly literature in the study of the deaf and hard of hearing. The purpose of this examination is to locate the literature that focuses on hearing impairments (HI), and to identify methods or procedures that focus on individuals with hearing impairments in positions of leadership. During this investigation it was found that there is no abundance of literature that specifically focused on the study of individuals with hearing impairments in the positions of leadership. The study then shifted its focus to related studies within the field of hearing impairment that were relevant to understanding the challenges that an individual with a hearing impairment encounter, benefits of new technology, implications of mainstreaming, and the importance of rehabilitative/habilitative intervention teams. When following research investigation takes place, the hypothesis will be that there are correlations between leadership skills and extracurricular activities in which children with hearing impairments participate.