Date Approved

4-15-2013

Date Posted

4-7-2014

Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry

Committee Member

Hedeel Evans, Ph.D., Chair

Committee Member

Deborah Heyl-Clegg, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Ruth Ann Armitage, Ph.D.

Abstract

Uncontrolled cell proliferation, a hallmark of cancer, is associated with activation of CAD, a multifunctional protein that catalyzes the first three steps in pyrimidine biosynthesis. The cell cycle dependent regulation of pyrimidine biosynthesis is a consequence of sequential phosphorylation of CAD Thr-456 and Ser-1406 by the MAP kinase and PKA cascades, respectively. The mechanism that controls the timing of these events is not well understood. Our hypothesis is that timing of the activation and nucleocytoplasmic dynamics of CAD is controlled by signaling complexes with kinases and phosphatases. Interestingly, a consensus sequence for PP1 targeting proteins is located immediately adjacent to Thr-456. Peptides were synthesized corresponding to residues 444-460 of CAD that encompasses both the PP1 consensus sequence and Thr-456 as well as two mutant peptides in which Thr-456 was replaced with Ala or Asp. The wild type peptide and Ala mutant were able to bind to PP1 while the Asp mutant which, mimics phosphorylated CAD, does not.

Included in

Chemistry Commons

Share

COinS