Author

Clisty Kinlin

Date Approved

3-14-2014

Date Posted

4-7-2014

Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Health Sciences

Committee Member

Chair: Rubina S. Haque, PhD, RD

Committee Member

Anahita Mistry, PhD, RD

Committee Member

Karen Karolle-Caton, MS, RD

Abstract

Background: Diabetes is a disease of the endocrine system characterized by hyperglycemia, which can lead to multiple microvascular and macrovascular complications. Successful control of blood glucose levels can decrease associated complications.

Objective: This study evaluated the effectiveness of nutrition and lifestyle interventions in people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Methods: A retrospective study reviewed laboratory data of individuals that attended the St. Joseph Mercy Center for Diabetes education program. HbA1c and lipid value were evaluated to determine the effectiveness of the program.

Results: Baseline HbA1c for all groups was 8.33%. Post-Program HbA1c was 6.70%, showing a 1.63% (p<0.0001) reduction from Baseline to Post-Program. There was a significant reduction in HbA1c of 1.4% (p<0.0001) for all groups from Baseline to 2-years Post-Program. Lipid levels did not show a significant change from Baseline to Post-Program, however, lipid levels reached target levels and continued to improve through 2-years Post-Program.

Conclusion: This study supports the effectiveness of the St. Joseph Mercy Center for Diabetes education program for lowering HbA1c levels and maintaining HbA1c and lipid levels within the recommended ranges.

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