Author

Julie Devlin

Date Approved

7-2013

Date Posted

1-15-2013

Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Health Sciences

Committee Member

Anahita Mistry, Ph.D, Chair

Committee Member

Rubina Haque, Ph.D, RD

Abstract

Gluten-free diets have gained popularity in recent years among healthy individuals. However, gluten-free foods are typically lower in essential nutrients. It was hypothesized that the average intakes of fiber and the selected B vitamins and minerals would be lower in the gluten-free group than in the regular diet group. Fifty-eight adults, aged 25-35, participated in the study. Participants completed a five-day food record and questionnaire. FoodWorks℗ʼ nutrient analysis software was used to evaluate intake of macronutrients and selected micronutrients. Gluten-free males consumed significantly lower amounts of carbohydrates, fiber, niacin, folate, and calcium but significantly higher amounts of fat and sodium than regular diet males. Gluten-free females consumed significantly lower amounts of carbohydrates, fiber, folate, iron, and calcium but significantly more fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol than regular diet females. Overall, gluten-free adults did not consume enough nutrient dense foods to meet all nutrient recommendations.

Included in

Nutrition Commons

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