Unemployment and international shadow economy: Gender differences
Adding to the body of research on cross-country determinants of the informal economy, this article studies how unemployment differences across gender drive the propensities to work in the informal sector. Results, accounting for possible simultaneity between unemployment and the shadow economy, show that unemployed males, rather than unemployed females, were more likely to operate underground. These findings about greater male propensities are generally robust to alternative considerations.
Link to Published Version
Goel, R. K., & Saunoris, J. W. (2017). Unemployment and international shadow economy: Gender differences. Applied Economics, 49(58), 5828–5840. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2017.1343452