Gender differences in sleep problems: The mediating role of co-rumination and depressive symptoms
Personality and Individual Differences
Co-rumination is a dyadic tendency in which two members excessively discuss and revisit problems while focusing on negative feelings. Co-rumination is more prominent among female friends than male friends, which helps to account in part for gender differences in depressive symptoms. The current study adopted a socioemotional perspective to examine whether gender differences in sleep problems could be mediated by co-rumination in friendships and depressive symptoms. A sample of 172 young adults (Mage = 19.15) participated in a self-report study. Mediation analysis showed that females reported higher co-rumination and depressive symptoms, both of which were related to more sleep problems. Moderated mediation analysis further revealed that the mediational role of depressive symptoms between co-rumination and sleep problems was stronger for females compared to males.
Link to Published Version
Chow, C. M., Homa, J., & Amersdorfer, A. (2017). Gender differences in sleep problems: The mediating role of co-rumination and depressive symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 108, 10–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.11.058