Frontiers in poly(ionic liquid)s: Syntheses and applications
Chemical Society Reviews
We review recent works on the synthesis and application of poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs). Novel chemical structures, different synthetic strategies and controllable morphologies are introduced as a supplement to PIL systems already reported. The primary properties determining applications, such as ionic conductivity, aqueous solubility, thermodynamic stability and electrochemical/chemical durability, are discussed. Furthermore, the near-term applications of PILs in multiple fields, such as their use in electrochemical energy materials, stimuli-responsive materials, carbon materials, and antimicrobial materials, in catalysis, in sensors, in absorption and in separation materials, as well as several special-interest applications, are described in detail. We also discuss the limitations of PIL applications, efforts to improve PIL physics, and likely future developments.
Link to Published Version
Qian, W., Texter, J., & Yan, F. (2017). Frontiers in poly(ionic liquid)s: Syntheses and applications. Chemical Society Reviews, 46(4), 1124–1159. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6CS00620E