Trade-offs in anti-predator behavior
Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior
Trade-offs occur when two good things cannot be maximized at once. In animal behavior, trade-offs have long been studied, but the term trade-off became widespread later as studying fitness costs and benefits in animal behavior was developed into the field of behavioral ecology. This article examines trade-offs with predation risk in behavioral ecology. I will explore how predation risk was incorporated into the study of foraging behavior, illustrate trade-offs between reproduction and predation risk, and examine some reasons why trade-offs with predation risk are common. I also argue that animals act to reduce the consequences of trade-offs when they can.
Link to Published Version
Bednekoff, P. A. (2019). Trade-offs in anti-predator behavior. In Encyclopedia of animal behavior (pp. 371–375). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809633-8.20818-2