Instrumental or meaningful friendships: Black alumnae perspectives on peer relationships during college
Leadership and Counseling
Journal of Women and Gender in Higher Education
This critical qualitative study explores how Black women experienced friendships throughout college. Findings revealed that long-term friendships, primarily with other Students of Color, were both created and maintained, were meaningful in nature, and often spanned several contexts. Women also described short-term instrumental friendships, often with diverse others. Instrumental relationships were designed to meet a particular need and were often context-bound. The analysis ends with implications for students’ relationships in and outside of their racial/ethnic group and with practical implications for administrators on college campuses.
Link to Published Version
Winkle-Wagner, R., McCallum, C. M., Luedke, C., & Ota-Malloy, B. (2019). Instrumental or meaningful friendships: Black alumnae perspectives on peer relationships during college. Journal of Women and Gender in Higher Education, 12(3), 283–298. https://doi.org/10.1080/19407882.2019.1593201