10.1016/j.jwb.2019.101004">
 

Title

An integrative approach to the gender gap in entrepreneurship across nations

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2019

Department/School

Management

Publication Title

Journal of World Business

Abstract

Although female entrepreneurship contributes to the economic growth of nations, women are less likely to start new ventures compared to men. This gap, however, varies considerably across nations, suggesting that environmental factors play a role in explaining it. We employ the cross-cultural cognitive model of new venture creation to elucidate this variance. Based on data from 45 nations, we find that, while women and men differ pan-culturally in their likelihood to start new ventures, the socio-cultural dimensions of masculinity-femininity and institutional non-compliance exacerbate, while generalized trust mitigates this gap across nations.

Link to Published Version

10.1016/j.jwb.2019.101004

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