DOI: 10.1177/0886260517707309">

Longitudinal trajectory of exposure to psychological interpersonal violence

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Journal of Interpersonal Violence


Psychological intimate partner violence (P-IPV) refers to verbal abuse from one partner to another and abuse of power or control from one partner to another. To date, no studies have examined the longitudinal course of P-IPV exposure among mothers or the effect that witnessing P-IPV can have on their children. Using latent class growth analysis, the current study identified five trajectory groups with the following intercept and growth characteristics: low stable, low-increasing, moderate-decreasing, high-decreasing, and consistently elevated. Membership in the four groups characterized by higher P-IPV exposure was predicted by maternal race and exposure to physical abuse. The children of mothers in the low-increasing and consistently elevated groups had elevated scores on the Internalizing and Externalizing scales of the Childhood Behavior Checklist. These findings remained after controlling for child sex, race, cumulative trauma exposure, and maternal depression.


D. Lauterbach is a faculty member in EMU's Department of Psychology.

*S. Poehacker, D. Phillips, and J. Riggs are EMU students.

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DOI: 10.1177/0886260517707309