Title

Physical and mental health comorbidities among adults with multiple sclerosis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2021

Department/School

Social Work

Publication Title

Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality & Outcomes

Abstract

Objective: To compare the incidence of and adjusted hazard ratios for common cardiometabolic diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, and psychological morbidities among adults with and without multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients and Methods: Beneficiaries were included if they had an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnostic code for MS (n¼9815) from a national private insurance claims database (Clinformatics Data Mart; OptumInsight). Adults without MS were also included (n¼1,474,232) as a control group. Incidence estimates of common cardiometabolic diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, and psychological morbidities were compared at 5 years of continuous enrollment. Survival models were used to quantify unadjusted and adjusted hazard ratios for incident morbidities. Results: Adults with MS had a higher incidence of any common cardiometabolic disease (51.6% [2663 of 5164] vs 36.4% [328,690 of 904,227]), musculoskeletal disorder (68.8% [3411 of 4959] vs 47.5% [512,422 of 1,077,737]), and psychological morbidity (49.4% [3305 of 6691] vs 30.8% [380,893 of 1,235,388]) than adults without MS, and differences were clinically meaningful (all P

Share

COinS