A lightweight hardware-based authentication for secure smart grid energy storage units

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Information Security and Applied Computing

Publication Title

7th IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2021


Next generation smart power grid offers advanced features to enhance the traditional power grid by enabling faster and more user-friendly two-way communications between utility centers and the consumers for a faster, greener, safer, more reliable, and increasingly efficient power delivery. The energy storage units and smart charging stations have become the essential components of a smart power grid. An efficient authentication and key management scheme is proposed in this work to realize a secure and trusted smart charging coordination system using a low-cost data encryption standard (DES) design and a lightweight physical unclonable function. The proposed scheme is implemented and tested on a re-programmable platform using Artix-7 FPGA device. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can be efficiently realized on a off-the-shelf hardware, preserve the privacy of energy storage unit owners, and provide low-cost authentication for different NIST security levels.

Link to Published Version