Cumulative risk, infant sleep, and infant social-emotional development
Infant Behavior and Development
The effect of cumulative biological, psychosocial, and demographic risk and infant sleep on infant social-emotional functioning in 12-month-old infants (46% female) was examined in data from racially (30% Black, 60% White, 10% multiracial/other) and socioeconomically (41% below median income) diverse caregivers (N = 468, M = 30.42 years old, SD = 5.65) recruited from two midwestern states in 2019–2020. Due to the major changes in sleep patterns during infancy and the reported association between sleep and social-emotional functioning, this study also examined whether sleep moderates the association between risk and infant social-emotional functioning and potentially promotes healthy social-emotional functioning despite risk. Greater cumulative risk was associated with poorer sleep efficiency and more social-emotional problems, but was not associated with the general acquisition of social-emotional milestones. Results also suggested that poorer sleep efficiency was associated with more social-emotional problems and poorer social-emotional milestone acquisition. No significant interaction effects were found between cumulative risk and infant sleep. Risk and sleep appear to have unique associations with infant social-emotional problems and development; thus both could be targeted in early intervention to promote social-emotional functioning during infancy and early childhood.
Link to Published Version
Lobermeier, M., Staples, A. D., Peterson, C., Huth-Bocks, A. C., Warschausky, S., Taylor, H. G., Brooks, J., Lukomski, A., & Lajiness-O’Neill, R. (2022). Cumulative risk, infant sleep, and infant social-emotional development. Infant Behavior and Development, 67, 101713. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2022.101713