Study of corrosion initiation of a steel panel from a defect in coating using localized electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (LEIS)

Document Type


Publication Date



Physics and Astronomy


Localized Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (LEIS) was used to study corrosion initiation of a cold-rolled steel panel covered by electrodeposited coating (Ecoat). LEIS technique, developed from the conventional electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) that usually measures the impedance over an area in square centimetres, can measure the impedance of a sample over a much smaller area, which makes it a more appropriate technique for studying the early stage of corrosion initiated from small defects, such as pinholes and voids in the protective coatings. In the presented study, an isolated pinhole in the coating was found first, and then the sample was immersed in a salt solution. Initiation and development of corrosion from the pinhole was closely monitored. LEIS spectra measured in different stages showed interesting variations. The corresponding equivalent circuits were introduced to study the process, followed by brief explanation of the process. The study helped us better understand the mechanism of the corrosion initiation and its early development.


The paper was chosen to receive the 2007 Sam Tour Award from ASTM Committee G01 on the Corrosion of Metals. The Award is given each year to the paper that shows the most outstanding merit in the field of improvements and evaluation of corrosion testing methods.

Link to Published Version