Tourmaline chemistry and the IIIB site
Geography and Geology
Based on a large database of tourmaline crystal-structure refinements and associated electron microprobe analyses, the < B-O > bond length in the triangular (BO3) groups was found to be reasonably constant for all tourmaline species, but the B-O2 and B-O8 are variable as a function of the crystal chemistry. Tourmalines, such as elbaite, tend to have B-O2 distances significantly shorter than the B-O8 distances, whereas others, like povondraite, tend to have B-O2 distances that are longer than their B-O8 bonds. Statistical analysis of the bond-valence contributions for the nine-coordinated X-O2, and the six-coordinated Y-O2, Z-O8, and Z'-O8 bonds-as they relate to the B-O2/B-O8 bond valence-suggest that the Z'-O8 bond has the most influence over the geometry of the (BO3) triangle. This study highlights variations in what has otherwise been assumed to be a static site in the crystal structure of tourmaline-group minerals.
Link to Published Version
Clark, C. M., Wadoski, E. R., & Freeman, E. D. (2008). Tourmaline chemistry and the IIIB site. American Mineralogist, 93(2–3), 409–413. doi:10.2138/am.2008.2599