Date Approved


Date Posted


Degree Type

Open Access Senior Honors Thesis

Department or School

English Language and Literature

First Advisor

Derek N. Mueller


In his 2003 article "The 1963 Hip-Hop Machine: Hip-Hop Pedagogy as Composition," Jeff Rice calls for a 'whatever' pedagogy that presents an "alternative research methodology for composition" using digital sampling as instrument for writing the argumentative essay. "The Show was Yesterday" is an effort to reinvigorate Rice's methodology by updating it in relation to contemporary digital platforms suited to sampling and mixing. Asserting that "The Show was Yesterday" identifies the conventional essay as a metaphor for the encore, or a relatively small artifact that evidences a students' grasps of complex concepts. The "show" therefore, is metaphoric of the holistic process of planning, researching, and the sampling and mixing of sources toward the invention of an original and substantive argument. This paper will expand upon the idea of whatever pedagogy by examining how sampling as an isolated practice demonstrates opportunities for students to gain skills with research, intertextuality, while also arguing that digital sampling provides a reimagined process that is not linear, but locates students in an area to adapt, using materials more effectively for writing performances.