Open Access Senior Honors Thesis
Department or School
College of Engineering and Technology
Omar Darwish, Ph.D.
James M. Banfield, Ph.D.
Sean Che, Ph.D.
The recent rapid growth of the field of data science has made available to all fields opportunities to leverage machine learning. Computer network traffic classification has traditionally been performed using static, pre-written rules that are easily made ineffective if changes, legitimate or not, are made to the applications or protocols underlying a particular category of network traffic. This paper explores the problem of network traffic classification and analyzes the viability of having the process performed using a multitude of classical machine learning techniques against significant statistical similarities between classes of network traffic as opposed to traditional static traffic identifiers.
To accomplish this, network data was captured, processed, and evaluated for 10 application labels under the categories of video conferencing, video streaming, video gaming, and web browsing as described later in Table 1. Flow-based statistical features for the dataset were derived from the network captures in accordance with the “Flow Data Feature Creation” section and were analyzed against a nearest centroid, k-nearest neighbors, Gaussian naïve Bayes, support vector machine, decision tree, random forest, and multi-layer perceptron classifier. Tools and techniques broadly available to organizations and enthusiasts were used. Observations were made on working with network data in a machine learning context, strengths and weaknesses of different models on such data, and the overall efficacy of the tested models.
Ultimately, it was found that simple models freely available to anyone can achieve high accuracy, recall, and F1 scores in network traffic classification, with the best-performing model, random forest, having 89% accuracy, a macro average F1 score of .77, and a macro average recall of 76%, with the most common feature of successful classification being related to maximum packet sizes in a network flow.
Dunham, Isaac M., "Applying machine learning to categorize distinct categories of network traffic" (2023). Senior Honors Theses and Projects. 785.