Date Approved


Date Posted


Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department or School

Health Promotion and Human Performance

Committee Member

Christine Karshin, PhD, Chair

Committee Member

Joan Cowdery, PhD

Committee Member

Ellen Gold, MBA, MSED


A web-based cross sectional analysis utilizing the Spearman Coefficient was used to examine the relationship between 341 college students’ knowledge and attitudes toward emergency contraception. Personal characteristics and background factors such as age, race, gender, past and current use of contraception, past unintended pregnancies, and type of sex education in high school were compared to current knowledge levels and attitudes as related to use among college students. Results indicated that general knowledge is high, but detailed knowledge is lacking. Confusion between emergency contraception and RU-486 exist, which could lead to concerned attitudes ultimately effecting use. Most high schools that offer sex education do not include information about emergency contraception. Of those that do, knowledge is significantly affected. In conclusion, implementations should focus on obtaining correct detailed knowledge about emergency contraception and advocating for inclusion of emergency contraception information in sex education programs during high school.