Date Approved


Date Posted


Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department or School

Health Sciences

Committee Member

Judith Brooks, PhD, RD, Chair

Committee Member

John Carbone, PhD, RD


Paleolithic nutrition can optimize serum lipids in adults with hyperlipidemia who have been on a heart-healthy diet based on the current recommendations by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (the Academy) or the American Heart Association (AHA). Twenty subjects (10 male and 10 female) age 40 to 62 were selected based on the criteria of a diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia. Subjects were not taking any cholesterol lowering medication and had followed a calorie-controlled diet, based on either the dietary principles of the Academy or the AHA, for at least four months followed by a Paleolithic diet for four months. Multivariate analysis using repeated measures ANOVA was performed using SPSS version 21. The data reveal that the mean total cholesterol (P <.001), LDL (P <.001) and triglycerides (P<.001) were significantly lowered and HDL (P < 0.001) significantly elevated following four months of a Paleolithic diet relative to the Academy/AHA diet.

Included in

Nutrition Commons