Open Access Thesis
Master of Science (MS)
Anahita Mistry, Ph.D, Chair
Rubina Haque, Ph.D, RD
Gluten-free diets have gained popularity in recent years among healthy individuals. However, gluten-free foods are typically lower in essential nutrients. It was hypothesized that the average intakes of fiber and the selected B vitamins and minerals would be lower in the gluten-free group than in the regular diet group. Fifty-eight adults, aged 25-35, participated in the study. Participants completed a five-day food record and questionnaire. FoodWorks℗ʼ nutrient analysis software was used to evaluate intake of macronutrients and selected micronutrients. Gluten-free males consumed significantly lower amounts of carbohydrates, fiber, niacin, folate, and calcium but significantly higher amounts of fat and sodium than regular diet males. Gluten-free females consumed significantly lower amounts of carbohydrates, fiber, folate, iron, and calcium but significantly more fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol than regular diet females. Overall, gluten-free adults did not consume enough nutrient dense foods to meet all nutrient recommendations.
Devlin, Julie, "Nutrient intakes of healthy adults on a gluten-free diet" (2013). Master's Theses and Doctoral Dissertations. 626.