Date Approved

2010

Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Biology

Committee Member

James L. VandenBosch, PhD, Chair

Committee Member

David M. Aronoff, MD

Committee Member

Glenn Walker, PhD

Abstract

Clostridium sordellii is an emerging pathogen associated with highly-lethal female reproductive tract (FRT) infections following childbirth, abortion, or cervical instrumentation. Gaps in our understanding of the pathogenesis of C. sordellii infections present major challenges to the development of better preventive and therapeutic strategies against this problem. We sought to determine the mechanisms whereby uterine DMs phagocytose this bacterium and tested the hypothesis that human DMs utilize class A scavenger receptors (CASRs) to internalize unopsonized C. sordellii. In vitro phagocytosis assays with human DMs incubated with pharmacological inhibitors of CASRs (fucoidan, polyinosinic acid, and dextran sulfate) revealed a role for these receptors in C. sordellii phagocytosis. Soluble macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) receptor prevented C. sordellii internalization, suggesting that MARCO is an important CASR in DM phagocytosis of this microbe. Peritoneal macrophages from MARCO-deficient mice, but not wild-type or SR-AI/II-deficient mice, showed impaired C. sordellii phagocytosis. MARCOnull mice were more susceptible to death from C. sordellii uterine infection than wild-type mice and exhibited impaired clearance of this bacterium from the infected uterus. Thus, MARCO is an important phagocytic receptor utilized by human and mouse macrophages to clear C. sordellii from the infected uterus.

Comments

Additional committee member: Daniel Clemans, PhD

Included in

Biology Commons

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