David Kelly

Date Approved


Date Posted


Degree Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department or School

College of Technology

Committee Member

Benedict D. Ilozor, Ph.D., Chair

Committee Member

Robert E. Chapman, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Daniel J. Fields, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Yichun Xie, Ph.D.


The relationships of project performance with the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) in the construction industry have not been decisively investigated. The potential effect of the technology and strategy on industry operations underscores the need for reliable information about project outcomes associated with their use. The review of the literature has identified discrepancies between the qualitative and quantitative body of work concerning the relationships of key project performance measures and engagement of BIM and IPD. Grounded in structuration theory, which holds that altered outcomes may result from organizational change spurred by radical events (e.g., the introduction of new technology and strategy), this descriptive-cum-quantitative study examines project outcome metrics vis-à-vis their relationships with BIM and IPD use. Data from 93 completed construction projects are scrutinized through a causal comparative research design adopted with a four-group factorial analysis. Projects that used BIM (in design or construction) and/or IPD were not found to experience significant performance outcomes when controlling for the contribution of other independent variables and covariates at the 95% confidence level (CL). At the lower 90% CL, projects using IPD experienced significantly less cost and schedule growth; what's more, projects that used BIM in construction were found to exhibit significantly higher levels of schedule growth. Lastly, healthcare projects using IPD had significantly fewer Requests for Information (RFI) at the 90% CL. A demonstration of technology is provided. Recommendations are made for the continued use of BIM and IPD as tools to check cost and schedule growth while reducing RFI frequency. Training of construction management staff on these tools is recommended as a possible step to avoid schedule growth associated with BIM use in construction.


Publications and other refereed works based on this research:

Ilozor, B., & Kelly, D. (2012). Building information modeling and integrated project delivery in the commercial construction industry: A conceptual study. Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management, 2(1), 23-36. Retrieved from

Kelly, D. (2012, September). Book review. [Review of the book Modern construction: lean project delivery and integrated practices, by L. H. Forbes & S. M. Ahmed]. International Journal of Architecture, Engineering and Construction, 1(3), 183-186. doi:10.7492/IJAEC.2012.20

Kelly, D. (2013). Overdesign and over-specification in building construction. Project Management Institute (PMI) Educational Foundation, Donald S. Barrie Award, 2014. Paper presented at Eastern Michigan University 2014 Graduate Research Conference.

Kelly, D. (2014). Examination of design-assist subcontracting. Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction, 6(3), 04514001. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000143

Kelly, D., & Ilozor, B. (2013). A pilot causal comparative study of project performance metrics: Examining building information modeling (BIM) and integrated project delivery (IPD). The Built & Human Environment Review, 6(2013), 82-106.

Kelly, D. (2014). Legal, ethical, and practical considerations of postbid negotiations in the award of building construction subcontracts. Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction, B6514001. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000163