Lilah Clevey

Date Approved


Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department or School


Committee Member

Rusty McIntyre, Ph.D., Chair

Committee Member

Michelle Byrd, Ph.D.

Committee Member

Stephen Jefferson, Ph.D.


Much research has been done on mentors and role models, yet there has been little consensus on whether the two are equally effective and effective across different contexts. This project was a meta-analysis examining the effect of mentors and role models on behavioral and/or cognitive outcomes within laboratory/experimental, educational, occupational, and treatment/clinical domains. A mentor is defined as an actual person who provides emotional support and guidance to a less experienced person, whereas a role model is an imagined or celebrity person that provides inspiration through real or imagined attributes. Eligible published studies beginning in 1995 to 2016, that had a control group, were coded by multiple coders with acceptable inter-rater reliability. Effects from 104 papers indicate that mentors and role models both produce significant outcomes for protégés. Significant differences were found across domains, outcome type, and demographic moderators such as gender, age, and race. Implications of these findings are discussed.