Author

Harshit Gupta

Date Approved

2019

Degree Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Engineering Technology

Committee Member

John Texter, PhD

Committee Member

Vijay Kumar Mannari, PhD

Committee Member

Mohamed El-Sayed, PhDPhD

Abstract

Ionic liquids have been used in free radical polymerizations to make polymerized ionic liquid (PIL) materials of various types. PIL gels based on imidazolium cations have been found to exhibit an anion-exchange induced stimuli responsiveness. This thesis explores incorporation of ionic liquids in polyurethane (PU) polymers to make PIL PU gels and dispersions through condensation polymerization. PIL gels are synthesized through a single-pot approach that show stimuli response to solvents. This approach allows one to make these gels rapidly and cheaply on-site. These gels can reversibly porate in different solvents and are found to be porous when analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). PIL based resins are also made in two steps, that show self-dispersion properties in water forming thermodynamically stable nano-scale particles. These materials can be transported as 100% solid resins, where they can be transformed into polyurethane dispersions (PUDs) onsite. These particles also show stimuli responsiveness to different anions and solvents.

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